World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Occupational and Environmental Health

Department of Environmental Health Engineering

Faculty of Public Health

Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education & Research

(Deemed to be University)

Accredited by NAAC with 'A' Grade ( CGPA 3.62 on a 4 point scale )

Indian Council of Medical Research

Center for Advanced Research on Environmental Health : Air Pollution

Articles & Book Chapters

Listed below are recent articles published in various journals and book chapters

1 : Ananya Roy, Howard Hu, David C. Bellinger, Kavitha Palaniapan, Robert O. Wright, Joel Schwartz, Kalpana Balakrishnan. Predictors of Blood Lead in Children in Chennai, India INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH 15 (4) 2009 ISSN: 1077-3525

Kirk.R. Smith, K. Balakrishnan. Mitigating climate, meeting MDGs, and moderating chronic disease: the health co-benefits landscape. Book Chapter in Commonwealth Ministers Update 2009, Chapter 4: 59-65.

Ananya Roy, David Bellinger, Howard Hu, Joel Schwartz, Adrienne S. Ettinger, Robert O. Wright, Maryse Bouchard, Kavitha Palaniappan, and Kalpana Balakrishnan Lead Exposure and Behavior among Young Children in Chennai, India. ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTHPERSPECTIVES 117(10): 1607–1611 OCT 2009 ISSN: 0091-6765.

Ramalingam, A.; Sambandam, S.; Paramasivan, R.; Kalpana, B.. Work-related heat stress concerns in automotive industries: a case study from Chennai, India. Global Health Action, North America, 211 11 2009.

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Sivacoumar R, Jayabalou R, Swarnalatha S, Vinayagamoorthy N and Balakrishnan K. Particulate Matter From Stone Crushing Industry: Size Distribution and Health Effects. J. Env. Eng. 132(3): 405-414.

Arnold, BF; Khush, RS Ramaswamy, P ; Gray, AL ; Ramaprabha, P ; Rajkumar, P ; Balakrishnan, K ; Colford, JM Study Design and Baseline Findings from an Evaluation of Integrated Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Interventions in Rural Tamil Nadu, India. EPIDEMIOLOGY, 19 (6): S203-S204 Suppl. S NOV 2008 ISSN: 1044-3983.

Ramaswamy, P; Balakrishnan, K Estimation of Burden of Disease Attributable to Indoor Air Pollution in Andhra Pradesh, India .EPIDEMIOLOGY, 19 (6): S280-S280 Suppl. S NOV 2008 ISSN: 1044-3983.

Ramaswamy, P ; Sambandam, S ; Ramalingarn, A ; Paulsamy, J ; Balakrishnan, K ; Thansekaraan, V Job-Hazard-Exposure-Health Profiles for Certain Occupational Sectors in Southern India (Textile, Tannery, and Municipal Solid Waste Sector). EPIDEMIOLOGY, 19 (6): S280-S280 Suppl. S NOV 2008 ISSN: 1044-3983.

Johnson, P ; Sadasivam, M, Ghosh, S ; Ramaswamy, P ; Balakrishnan, K ; Sathyasekaran, B ; Thanasekaraan, V Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in Biomass Fuel Users in Tamil Nadu-a Pilot Study for Assessment of Prevalence and Implications for the Burden of Disease in Rural Women. EPIDEMIOLOGY, 19 (6): S281-S281 Suppl. S NOV 2008 ISSN: 1044-3983.

Sambandam, S ; Ramaswamy, P ; Balakrishnan, K Comparative Health Risk Assessment and Economic valuation of Environmental Health Damage in Chennai, IndiaEPIDEMIOLOGY, 19 (6): S300-S300 Suppl. S NOV 2008 ISSN: 1044-3983.

Roy, A ; Bellinger, D ; Hu, H ; Schwartz, J ; Wright, R ; Palaniappan, K ; Balakrishnan, K. Lead Associated Deficits in Executive Function and Behavior in 3-7 Year Old Children in Chennai, India EPIDEMIOLOGY, 19 (6): S306-S307 Suppl. S NOV 2008 ISSN: 1044-3983.

Gottesfeld, P; Nicas, M ; Kephart, JW; Balakrishnan, K ; Rinehart, R. Reduction of respirable silica following the introduction of water spray applications in Indian stone crusher mills. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH, 14 (2): 94-103 APR-JUN 2008 ISSN: 1077-3525

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Balakrishnan K. Exposure assessment for indoor air pollution associated with household combustion of solid fuel use in South East Asia , IARC monograph, Volume No 95 , Word Health Organisation (In press)

Balakrishnan K. Bruce Nigel. Indoor Air Pollution quality issues associated with domestic fuel combustion in developing countries. Chapter 9, WHO Air Quality Guidelines Global Update, World Health Organisation, Geneva.

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Sivacoumar R, Jayabalou R, Swarnalatha S, Vinayagamoorthy N and Balakrishnan K. Particulate Matter From Stone Crushing Industry: Size Distribution and Health Effects. J. Env. Eng. 132(3): 405-414..

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Yinlong Jin , Xiao Ma , Huangzhang Wei , Fan Liu, Xining Chen , Yajia Lan , Ning Tang, Zheng Zhou , Ping Yuan, Yibin Cheng , Shi Kai , Kalpana Balakrishnan , Enis Baris , Majid Ezzati. Exposure to Indoor Air Pollution from Household Energy Use in Rural China: The Interactions of Technology, Behavior, and Knowledge in Health Risk Management Env. Sci Tech Env. Sci. Tech. 39(24): 9431- 9439.

Yinlong Jin , Zheng Zhou , Gongli He , Huangzhang Wei , Jiang Liu , Fan Liu Ning Tang,, Bo Ying 1, Yangchang Liu 1, Guohua Hu , Hongwei Wang , Kalpana Balakrishnan , Kimber Watson , Enis Baris Majid Ezzati. Geographical, Spatial, and Temporal Distributions of Multiple Indoor Air Pollutants in Four Chinese Provinces. Env. Sci. Tech. Env, Sci Tech 39: 991-998. 

Hu.H, Balakrishnan K. The environment & health: an emerging area of research in India. Indian J. Med. Res. 121: 711-715, 2005.

Book chapter titled ‘Environmental threats to children’s health in developing countries’ in ‘WHO handbook on children's environmental health’, American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Environmental Health, USA.

Conroy L, Forst L , Nickels L, Krantz A, Balakrishnan K. Chapter in WHO Modules in Occupational health: Economic Sector – Manufacturing; Instructor Manual, 2005.( / occupational_health / publications/ whomodules /en)

David Bellinger, PhD, MSc, Howard Hu, MD, MPH, ScD, Kartigeyan V, Naveen Thomas, MD, MPH, Pradeep Rajan, Sankar S, Padmavathi Ramaswamy, Kalpana Balakrishnan, PhD. A Pilot Study of Blood Lead Levels and Neurobehavioral Function in Children Living in Chennai, India. Int. J. of Occup. and Env. Health 11: 138- 143, 2005.

Gongli He, Bo Ying, Jiang Liu, Shirong Gao, Shaolin Shen Kalpana Balakrishnan, Yinlong Jin, Fan Liu, Ning Tang, Kai Shi, Enis Baris, Majid Ezzati . Patterns of Household Concentrations of Multiple Indoor Air Pollutants in China. Environ. Sci. Technol,. 39, 991-998, 2005.

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Book Chapter in the Handbook of Environmental Chemistry entitled” Biomass smoke and Health risks- the situation in developing countries”, Springer Verlag, Germany 2004. ( 11FJFJ3NQYXHGUGL.pdf).

Exposures to respirable particulate matter associated with household fuel use in Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology, S14::S25, 2004.
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William A.Suk, Kuhnying Mathuros Ruchirawat, Kalpana Balakrishnan, Martha Berger, David Carpenter, Terri Damstra, Jenny Pronczuk de Garbino, David Koh, Philip J.Landrigan, Irma Makalinao, Peter D.Sly, Y.Xu and B.S.Zheng. Environmental Threats to Children’s Health in Southeast Asia and the Western Pacific. Environmental Health Perspectives 111(10): 1340-1347, 2003.

K Balakrishnan, S Mehta, S Kumar, P Kumar. Exposure to Indoor air pollution: Evidence from Andhra Pradesh, India. World health Organisation Regional Health Forum,7; 1: 56-59, 2003.


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K Balakrishnan, S Sankar, R Padmavathi, K R Smith. Respirable particulate levels in rural households of Andhra Pradesh, India:daily concentrations and exposures. Journal of Environmental Studies and Policy 5(2):87-97, 2002.

Kalpana Balakrishnan, Sankar S, Jyothi Parikh, Padmavathi R, Srividya K, Vidhya Venugopal, Swarna Prasad, Vijay laxmi Pandey. Daily average exposures to respirable particulate matter from combustion of biomass fuels in rural households of Southern India. Environmental Health Perspectives 110(11):1069-1075, 2002.

K Balakrishnan, S Sankar, R Padmavathi, J Arnold, S Mehta, KR Smith,C Rao, S Kumar, P Kumar, S Akbar, K Lvovsky. Respirable particulate levels in rural households of Andhra pradesh, India - daily concentrations and time activity data. Epidemiology 13 (4):S185, 2002.

Sambandam Sankar, Ramaswamy Padmavathi, Pradeep Rajan, Ramalingam Ayyappan, Joerg Arnold, Kalpana Balakrishnan. Job-exposure-health profile for workers exposed to respirable dusts in textile units of Tamilnadu, India: results of preliminary investigations. Epidemiology 13 (4): S231, 2002.

Padmavathi R, Sankar S, , Balakrishanan K, Thansekaran V. Pulmonary function of rural women of Tamilnadu, India -links to exposures from bio-fuel combustion. Epidemiology 13 (4):S104, 2002.

Howard Hu, Naveen Thomas, V Kartigeyan, S Sankar, R. Padmavathi, David Bellinger, Kalpana Balakrishnan. Lead exposure, IQ and behavior in elementary school children living in Chennai (Madras), India: a pilot study. Epidemiology 13 (4):S184, 2002.

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21 : S.Sankar, R.Padmavathi, K.Balakrishnan, V.Thanasekharaan Exposures to respirable particulate matter from bio-fuel combustion and pulmonary function in women of rural households in Southern India: A preliminary report. BIOMEDICINE, 21 (2/3) PP:31-37, 2001.
22 : Padmavathi R, Balakrishnan K, Shankar S., Srividya K, Vidya R, Swarna P: Pulmonary Functions of rural South Indian Women; BIOMEDICINE 21(1) : 23-28, 2001.
Before 2000
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Balakrishnan, K. Development of a framework for evaluation of Medical Waste treatment technologies J. Clin. Eng. Soc., 2, 49-54, 1998.

Balakrishnan, K. Risk Assessment for Environmental and Human Health Hazards: Emerging perspectives for Environmental Regulation in India. Journal of Academy of Environmental Biology 6: 59-64

Balakrishnan, K Padgett, J, Cone, R. A. Calcium Flux in Rod outer Segment Membranes: Modulation by sulfhydryl reagents. Investigative Ophthalma.Vis.Sci. 31/4:176 ,1991

Balakrishnan, K, Padgett, J, Cone, R. A. Calcium Flux in Rod outer Segment Membranes: NEM potentiates the effects of cGMP Biophysical Journal 57:371,1990 ISSN: 0006-3495.

Harris, A.L, Park, J, Balakrishnan, K, Bevans, C, Rhee, S, Paul, D Reconstitution of Connexin 32 from gap junctions into vesicles correlates with sucrose permeability. Biophysical Journal 53:507,1988. ISSN: 0006-3495.

Balakrishnan, K, Padgett, J, Cone, R. A. Calcium Flux in Rod outer Segment Membranes: Differential effects of sulfhydryl reagent on cGMP mediated flux. Biophysical Journal 53: 512, 1988. ISSN: 0006-3495

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